Ancient Colony News
- 'Sabre-toothed tiger' skeleton up for auctionon December 1, 2020 at 6:16 pm
A nearly 40-million-year-old skeleton belonging to what is popularly called a sabre-toothed tiger is going under the hammer next week in Geneva, a year after its discovery on a US ranch.
- Early human landscape modifications discovered in Amazoniaon December 1, 2020 at 6:05 pm
In 2002 Professor Alceu Ranzi (Federal University of Acre) and Prof. Martti Parssinen (University of Helsinki) decided to form an international research team to study large geometric earthworks, called geoglyphs, in the Brazilian state of Acre in Southwestern Amazonia. Soon it appeared that a pre-colonial civilization unknown to international scholars built geometric ceremonial centers and sophisticated road systems there. This civilization flourished in the rainforest 2,000 years ago. The […]
- Newly discovered Amazon rock art show the rainforest's earliest inhabitants living with giant Ice...on December 1, 2020 at 1:22 pm
Amazonian rock art newly discovered by researchers provides further proof the rainforest's earliest inhabitants lived alongside now-extinct giant Ice Age animals.
- Researchers offer new theory on 'Venus' figurineson December 1, 2020 at 8:31 am
One of world's earliest examples of art, the enigmatic 'Venus' figurines carved some 30,000 years ago, have intrigued and puzzled scientists for nearly two centuries. Now a researcher from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus believes he's gathered enough evidence to solve the mystery behind these curious totems.
- Researchers explore population size, density in rise of centralized power in antiquityon November 30, 2020 at 9:21 pm
Early populations shifted from quasi-egalitarian hunter-gatherer societies to communities governed by a centralized authority in the middle to late Holocene, but how the transition occurred still puzzles anthropologists. A University of Maine-led group of researchers contend that population size and density served as crucial drivers.
- Cereal, olive and vine pollen reveal market integration in Ancient Greeceon November 30, 2020 at 4:14 pm
In the field of economics, the concept of a market economy is largely considered a modern phenomenon. Influential economists such as Karl Marx and Max Weber, for example, argued that although markets existed in antiquity, economies in which structures of production and distribution responded to the laws of supply and demand developed only as recently as the 19th century. A recent study by an international team of researchers, including Adam Izdebski of the Max Planck Institute for the Science […]
- Pyroclasts protect the paintings of Pompeii buried but damage them when they are unearthedon November 30, 2020 at 3:29 pm
A study conducted by the UPV/EHU's IBeA group shows that pyroclasts may be putting the conservation of the paintings of Pompeii at risk. Specifically, the ions leached from these materials and the underground ion-rich waters from the volcanic rocks may be causing the salts in the paintings to crystallize. In addition, the use of fluorine as a marker is proposed to monitor in situ the extent of the damage sustained by the murals.
- Melting ice patch in Norway reveals large collection of ancient arrowson November 27, 2020 at 6:30 pm
A team of researchers affiliated with a host of institutions in Norway and one in the U.K., has unveiled their findings after collecting and studying a very large number of ancient arrows they found near a melting ice patch in Norway's Jotunheimen Mountains. In their paper published in the journal The Holocene, the group describes how they kept their research secret to avoid the possibility of others contaminating the site and what they have learned about the arrows thus far.
- Neanderthal thumbs better adapted to holding tools with handleson November 26, 2020 at 4:00 pm
Neanderthal thumbs were better adapted to holding tools in the same way that we hold a hammer, according to a paper published in Scientific Reports. The findings suggest that Neanderthals may have found precision grips—where objects are held between the tip of the finger and thumb—more challenging than power 'squeeze' grips, where objects are held like a hammer, between the fingers and the palm with the thumb directing force.
- Ancient blanket made with 11,500 turkey featherson November 25, 2020 at 9:20 pm
The ancient inhabitants of the American Southwest used around 11,500 feathers to make a turkey feather blanket, according to a new paper in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. The people who made such blankets were ancestors of present-day Pueblo Indians such as the Hopi, Zuni and Rio Grande Pueblos.
- X-ray diffraction reveals details inside mummies without having to open them upon November 25, 2020 at 5:38 pm
A trio of researchers from Northwestern University, Metropolitan State University of Denver and Argonne National Laboratory has found that using X-ray diffraction on mummies makes it possible to see inside the wrappings without opening them. In their paper published in Journal of the Royal Society Interface, S. Stock, M. Stock and J. Almer describe scanning an Egyptian mummy in two ways and what they found by doing so.
- Bird with tall, sickle-shaped beak reveals hidden diversity during the age of dinosaurson November 25, 2020 at 4:00 pm
A Cretaceous-age, crow-sized bird from Madagascar would have sliced its way through the air wielding a large, blade-like beak and offers important new insights on the evolution of face and beak shape in the Mesozoic forerunners of modern birds. An international team of researchers led by Ohio University professor Dr. Patrick O'Connor and Stony Brook University professor Dr. Alan H. Turner announced the discovery today in the journal Nature.
- Water-to-land transition in early tetrapodson November 25, 2020 at 4:00 pm
The water-to-land transition is one of the most important and inspiring major transitions in vertebrate evolution. And the question of how and when tetrapods transitioned from water to land has long been a source of wonder and scientific debate.
- Prehistoric mega-shark raised its young in nurseries: studyon November 25, 2020 at 9:07 am
The largest sharks ever to have roamed the oceans parked their young in shallow, warm-water nurseries where food was abundant and predators scarce until they could assume their title as kings and queens of the sea.
- T. rex had huge growth spurts, but other dinos grew 'slow and steady'on November 25, 2020 at 12:00 am
Tyrannosaurus rex was one of the biggest meat-eating dinosaurs of all time—it measured up to 42 feet long from snout to tail and would have weighed in at around 16,000 pounds. And it wasn't alone—some of its less-well-known cousins could reach nearly the same size. Scientists have previously shown that T. rex got so big by going through a huge teenage growth spurt, but they didn't know if that was true for just tyrannosaurs, just them and their close relatives, or perhaps all big bipedal […]
- Secrets of the 'lost crops' revealed where bison roamon November 24, 2020 at 5:36 pm
Blame it on the bison. If not for the wooly, boulder-sized beasts that once roamed North America in vast herds, ancient people might have looked past the little barley that grew under those thundering hooves. But the people soon came to rely on little barley and other small-seeded native plants as staple food.
- New light on polar explorer's last hourson November 24, 2020 at 4:13 pm
Chemical analyzes of a black spot in a diary shed new light on the destiny and tragic death of legendary Inuit polar expedition member Jørgen Brønlund in Northeast Greenland in 1907.
- New light shed on polar explorer's last hourson November 24, 2020 at 4:06 pm
Jørgen Brønlund was one of the participants in the legendary Mylius Erichsen's Denmark Expedition to Greenland 1906-08. In 1907, he died in a small cave of hunger and frostbite, but before that, he made one last note in his diary:
- First exhaustive review of fossils recovered from Iberian archaeological siteson November 24, 2020 at 3:38 pm
Despite being rare, fossils nonetheless appear to be common elements in archeological records. Their presence is documented at some of the main Iberian archeological sites from the Paleolithic (Altamira, Parpalló, Reclau Viver, Aitzbitarte, La Garma, Rascaño, El Juyo and La Pileta) to the Metal Ages (Los Millares, Valencina, Los Castillejos, El Argar, Fuente Álamo, Vila Nova de São Pedro, etc.).
- Research shows how hallucinogens shaped prehistoric cave arton November 24, 2020 at 2:45 pm
New research led by the University of Central Lancashire and including the University of Southampton's Archeology Department has revealed, for the first time, how prehistoric indigenous American people created rock art as part of the hallucinogenic experience.
- Study of partial left femur suggests Sahelanthropus tchadensis was not a hominin after allon November 24, 2020 at 2:23 pm
A small team of researchers from France, Italy and the U.S., has found evidence that suggests Sahelanthropus tchadensis was not a hominin, and thus was not the earliest known human ancestor. In their paper published in Journal of Human Evolution, the group describes their study of the fossilized leg bone and what it showed them.
- Ireland's only dinosaurs discovered in Antrimon November 24, 2020 at 12:26 pm
The only dinosaur bones ever found on the island of Ireland have been formally confirmed for the first time by a team of experts from the University of Portsmouth and Queen's University Belfast, led by Dr. Mike Simms, a curator and paleontologist at National Museums NI.
- Ancient people relied on coastal environments to survive the Last Glacial Maximumon November 24, 2020 at 8:55 am
Humans have a longstanding relationship with the sea that spans nearly 200,000 years. Researchers have long hypothesized that places like coastlines helped people mediate global shifts between glacial and interglacial conditions and the impact that these changes had on local environments and resources needed for their survival. Coastlines were so important to early humans that they may have even provided key routes for the dispersal of people out of Africa and across the world.
- Secrets of the 'lost crops' revealed where bison roamon November 23, 2020 at 3:45 pm
Blame it on the bison.
- Paleontologists discover identical evolution of isolated organismson November 23, 2020 at 2:19 pm
Paleontologists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) and the University of Calgary in Canada have provided new proof of parallel evolution: conodonts, early vertebrates from the Permian period, adapted to new habitats in almost identical ways despite living in different geographical regions. The researchers were able to prove that this was the case using fossil teeth found in different geographical locations.
- Science reveals secrets of a mummy's portraiton November 21, 2020 at 3:43 pm
How much information can you get from a speck of purple pigment, no bigger than the diameter of a hair, plucked from an Egyptian portrait that's nearly 2,000 years old? Plenty, according to a new study. Analysis of that speck can teach us about how the pigment was made, what it's made of - and maybe even a little about the people who made it.
- Bodies of man and his slave unearthed from ashes at Pompeiion November 21, 2020 at 3:10 pm
Skeletal remains of what are believed to have been a rich man and his male slave attempting to escape death from the eruption of Mount Vesuvius nearly 2,000 years ago have been discovered in Pompeii, officials at the archaeological park in Italy said Saturday.
- Middle Stone Age populations repeatedly occupied West African coaston November 20, 2020 at 4:01 pm
Although coastlines have widely been proposed as potential corridors of past migration, the occupation of Africa's tropical coasts during the Stone Age is poorly known, particularly in contrast to the temperate coasts of northern and southern Africa. Recent studies in eastern Africa have begun to resolve this, detailing dynamic behavioral changes near the coast of Kenya during the last glacial phase, but studies of Stone Age occupations along western Africa's coasts are still lacking.
- Students discover hidden 15th-century text on medieval manuscriptson November 19, 2020 at 9:09 pm
Rochester Institute of Technology students discovered lost text on 15th-century manuscript leaves using an imaging system they developed as freshmen. By using ultraviolet-fluorescence imaging, the students revealed that a manuscript leaf held in RIT's Cary Graphic Arts Collection was actually a palimpsest, a manuscript on parchment with multiple layers of writing.
- Transition to feudal living in 14th century impacted local ecosystemson November 19, 2020 at 4:00 pm
The transition from tribal to feudal living, which occurred throughout the 14th century in Lagow, Poland had a significant impact on the local ecosystem, according to a study published in Scientific Reports. The findings demonstrate how historical changes to human society and economies may have changed local environments.
- Palaeontologists describe a preservation process unique to resinson November 19, 2020 at 3:53 pm
A team of paleontologists described two amber pieces found in sites in Teruel (Spain) with remains from vertebrates corresponding to the Early Cretaceous. Both pieces have their origins in the same conservation process of resins, described for the first time by the researchers. One of these remains corresponds to the finding of the oldest mammalian hair in amber worldwide, and the remains found in the other piece correspond to dinosaur feathers.
- New trilobite fossil reveals cephalic specialization of trilobites in Middle Cambrianon November 19, 2020 at 1:11 pm
Trilobites achieved their maximum genetic diversity in the Cambrian. However, unlike this diversity measure, the morphological disparity of trilobites based on cranidial outline reached the peak in the Middle to Late Ordovician.
- No drinking! No fighting! The laws of early Edo Japan to keep the peaceon November 18, 2020 at 4:50 pm
An early Edo period document stipulating the Hosokawa clan code of conduct for vassals dispatched on a national project to rebuild Sunpu Castle has been discovered by Kumamoto University researchers. The thirteen articles from the head of the Hosokawa clan in the Kokura domain (area), Tadaoki Hosokawa at the time, delegate full authority to the vassals to lead construction and prevent conflicts with other clans. It is the second original code of conduct document related to the Sunpu Castle […]