Ancient Colony News
Gilt-Bronze Burial Shoes Unearthed in South Korea
on May 29, 2020 at 9:00 pm
NORTH GYEONGSANG PROVINCE, SOUTH KOREA—According to a Korea Herald report, a pair of gilt-bronze shoes thought to date to the late fifth or early sixth century A.D. was found in one of three tombs at a burial site in Gyeongju, the ancient capital of the Silla Kingdom in eastern South Korea. The tomb also contained saddles, bronze ware, iron pots, and earthenware. Researchers from the Silla Cultural Heritage Research Institute said such shoes were covered with T-shaped holes and were only […]
Possible Viking Grave Uncovered in Norway
on May 29, 2020 at 8:30 pm
BODØ, NORWAY—According to a report in The Local, a couple installing insulation under the floor of their home in northern Norway discovered a dark blue glass bead and a Viking ax dated to between A.D. 950 and 1050. “We first thought it was the wheel of a toy car,” said homeowner Mariann Kristiansen, whose grandfather built the house in 1914. She immediately reported the find to local authorities. Archaeologist Martinus Hauglid of the Nordland county government visited […]
200-Year-Old Shipwreck Found in Caribbean Sea
on May 29, 2020 at 8:00 pm
QUINTANA ROO, MEXICO—BBC News reports that an eight-foot cannon, anchor, and pig-iron ingots thought to have been used as a ship’s ballast were spotted by a fisherman in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of southern Mexico. The wreckage rests in shallow waters and rough ocean currents at the Banco Chinchorro atoll reef, a dangerous area where 70 historic shipwrecks have been registered. Archaeologists from Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History said the vessel […]
Heightened interaction between neolithic migrants and hunter-gatherers in Western Europe
on May 29, 2020 at 6:00 pm
The Neolithic lifestyle, including farming, animal domestication and the development of new technologies, emerged in the Near East around 12,000 years ago and contributed profoundly to the modern way of life. The Neolithic spread rapidly across Europe, mainly along the Danube valley and the Mediterranean coastline, reaching the Atlantic coast around 5000-4500 BCE. The existing archaeogenetic data from prehistoric European farmers indicates that the spread of farming is due to expanding […]
A study analyzes the growth and development of the diploic veins in modern humans
on May 29, 2020 at 1:22 pm
A study coordinated by Emiliano Bruner, a paleoneurologist at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), on the growth of the diploic veins throughout human development (between one year of age and adulthood) shows that, while these vessels develop constantly, it is only in the adult phase that a substantial increase is detected.
New research reveals Cannabis and Frankincense at the Judahite Shrine of Biblical Arad
on May 29, 2020 at 7:41 am
Analysis of the material on two Iron Age altars discovered at the entrance to the "holy of holies" of a shrine at Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley, Israel, were found to contain Cannabis and Frankincense, according to new article in the journal, Tel Aviv.
Face of Priest Buried at Lincoln Cathedral Reconstructed
on May 28, 2020 at 9:30 pm
LINCOLN, ENGLAND—Lincolnshire Live reports that forensic artist Hew Morrison has recreated the face of a 900-year-old skeleton unearthed on the grounds of Lincoln Cathedral. The man was buried with a chalice and paten, items associated with Christian communion practices, and is thought to have been a Christian priest. “It’s based on the information that the skeleton has told us about his age, and any problems he may have had and from photographs of the skull,” […]
Well-Preserved Medieval Brooch Discovered in England
on May 28, 2020 at 9:00 pm
NORFOLK, ENGLAND—BBC News reports that a brooch estimated to be 1,100 years old was found in a landscaped field in the East of England. The Saxon artifact is thought to have been transported to the field in a load of topsoil, where it was discovered by a metal detectorist. The pin, which measures about three inches in diameter, has a high silver content and is decorated with a perpendicular cross placed over a diagonal one, animals, and a stacked pot motif. Archaeologist Steven Ashley of […]
2,200-Year-Old Swan-Shaped Bronze Vessel Found in China
on May 28, 2020 at 8:30 pm
HENAN PROVINCE, CHINA—China.org reports that a 2,200-year-old tomb has been excavated in central China, at an ancient city site situated along the route between the two ancient capitals of Xi’an and Luoyang. According to Zhu Xiaodong of the Sanmenxia Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, the tomb may have belonged to a low-ranking official buried around 200 B.C., at the time of the transfer from the Qin Dynasty to the Han Dynasty. Among the artifacts in the tomb, researchers […]
Roman Villa Uncovered in Northern Italy
on May 28, 2020 at 8:00 pm
NEGRAR, ITALY—According to a report in The Guardian, a well-preserved mosaic floor and foundations of a Roman villa first discovered in 1922 have been uncovered in a vineyard in northern Italy by archaeologists from the Superintendency of Archaeology, Fine Arts, and Landscape of Verona. The villa is thought to date to the third century A.D. The researchers are still working on mapping the structure’s footprint. To read about the excavation of a lavish Roman villa in Positano, […]
Who were the Canaanites? New insight from 73 ancient genomes
on May 28, 2020 at 3:58 pm
The people who lived in the area known as the Southern Levant -- which is now recognized as Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Lebanon, and parts of Syria -- during the Bronze Age (circa 3500-1150 BCE) are referred to in ancient biblical texts as the Canaanites. Now, researchers have new insight into the Canaanites' history based on a new genome-wide analysis of ancient DNA collected from 73 individuals.
Chinese pterodactyl wings its way to the United Kingdom
on May 28, 2020 at 3:50 pm
The first ever specimen of a pterodactyl, more commonly found in China and Brazil, has been found in the United Kingdom.
Who were the Canaanites? New insight from 73 ancient genomes
on May 28, 2020 at 3:00 pm
The people who lived in the area known as the Southern Levant—which is now recognized as Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Lebanon, and parts of Syria—during the Bronze Age (circa 3500-1150 BCE) are referred to in ancient biblical texts as the Canaanites. Now, researchers reporting in the journal Cell on May 28 have new insight into the Canaanites' history based on a new genome-wide analysis of ancient DNA collected from 73 individuals.
Genomic analysis shows long-term genetic mixing in West Asia before world's first cities
on May 28, 2020 at 3:00 pm
New research on one history's most important trading hubs provides some of the earliest genetic glimpses at the movement and interactions of populations that lived in parts of Western Asia between two major events in human history: the origins of agriculture and the rise of some of the world's first cities.
4,000 years of contact, conflict and cultural change had little genetic impact in Near East
on May 28, 2020 at 3:00 pm
The Near East was a crossroad for the ancient world's greatest civilizations, and invasions over centuries caused enormous changes in cultures, religions and languages. However, a new study of the DNA of ancient skeletons spanning 4,000 years has revealed that most of these changes had no lasting effect on the genetics of the local population of Beirut.
Italy unearths Roman mosaic after century-long hunt
on May 28, 2020 at 2:41 pm
Archaeologists have discovered an exquisitely preserved Roman mosaic under a vineyard in northern Italy after a century of searching, the local mayor said on Thursday.
Video: The long arm and short legs wars in palaeoanthropology
on May 28, 2020 at 12:13 pm
For decades a war raged within the field of palaeoanthropology. At the center of the battle were some of the most important fossils hominids ever discovered, the fossils from Hadar in Ethiopia, and included the famous Lucy fossil. The question was, did hominids climb, or was their adaptation to bipedalism so complete as to preclude arboreal behaviours?
World's oldest bug is fossil millipede from Scotland
on May 28, 2020 at 11:45 am
A 425-million-year-old millipede fossil from the Scottish island of Kerrera is the world's oldest "bug"—older than any known fossil of an insect, arachnid or other related creepy-crawly, according to researchers at The University of Texas at Austin.
Ancient Greek Inscription Discovered in Bulgaria
on May 27, 2020 at 9:00 pm
BURGAS, BULGARIA—According to a BNR Radio Bulgaria report, a Greek inscription found on a limestone sarcophagus dated to the second or third century A.D. is the first written evidence that the Roman colony of Deultum had a port. Researchers from the Deultum-Debelt National Archaeological Reserve said the strategically important colony, established in the first century A.D. at the mouth of the River Sredetska, was equipped with a sewer system and baths, and reported directly to the Roman […]
Butchery Marks Suggest Paleolithic Hunters Ate Large Carnivores
on May 27, 2020 at 8:30 pm
KRAKÓW, POLAND—Science in Poland reports that Piotr Wojtal of the Polish Academy of Sciences identified butchered wolf bones among a collection of 30,000-year-old flint and bone artifacts and tools unearthed in the Czech Republic. “Until now, scientists were convinced that wolves and other predators were the target of hunting primarily because of their skins, and certainly not as a source of meat,” Wojtal said. Some of the marks on the wolf bones were the result of […]
Study Identifies Foods Enjoyed by Africa’s Early Muslims
on May 27, 2020 at 8:00 pm
EXETER, ENGLAND—Archaeologists led by Timothy Insoll of the University of Exeter suggest residents of the sites of Harlaa, Harar, and Ganda Harlaa in eastern Ethiopia began to eat a halal diet some 400 years before major mosques and burial sites were established in the region, according to a statement released by the University of Exeter. Insoll explained, however, that these early followers of Islam may have built smaller mosques that have not yet been found. The researchers examined […]
Initial Upper Paleolithic technology reached North China by around 41,000 years ago
on May 27, 2020 at 6:00 pm
A wave of new technology in the Late Paleolithic had reached North China by around 41,000 years ago, according to a study published May 27, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Fei Peng of the Minzu University of China, Beijing and colleagues.
In stressed ecosystems Jurassic dinosaurs turned to scavenging, maybe even cannibalism
on May 27, 2020 at 6:00 pm
Big theropod dinosaurs such as Allosaurus and Ceratosaurus ate pretty much everything—including each other, according to a new study, "High Frequencies of Theropod Bite Marks Provide Evidence for Feeding, Scavenging, and Possible Cannibalism in a Stressed Late Jurassic Ecosystem," published last month in the journal PLOS ONE.
Information drove development of early states
on May 27, 2020 at 3:31 pm
Who could imagine a 21st century without data? Sophisticated information processing is key to the way societies function today. And it turns out it was also critical to the evolution of early states. According to new research led by an SFI team, the ability to store and process information was central to sociopolitical development across civilizations ranging from the Neolithic to the last millennium.
Archaeology is changing, slowly. But it's still too tied up in colonial practices
on May 27, 2020 at 3:19 pm
For many people, the mention of archaeology makes them think of Indiana Jones. He's the hero of the 1980s movie franchise—but any archaeologist will tell you that Indiana isn't very good at his job.
Information technology played key role in growth of ancient civilizations
on May 27, 2020 at 2:50 pm
A new article shows the ability to store and process information was as critical to the growth of early human societies as it is today.
Ear infections discovered in remains of humans living in Levant 15,000 years ago
on May 27, 2020 at 1:17 pm
Researchers at Tel Aviv University have discovered evidence of ear infections in the skull remains of humans living in the Levant some 15,000 years ago.
Researchers date age of the oldest-known forest in West Junggar region, China
on May 27, 2020 at 12:24 pm
As one of the five major extinction events in Earth history, the Frasnian-Famennian boundary (FFB) crisis caused dramatic reductions in marine and terrestrial diversity.
Archaeologists in Spain Seek Grave of 16th-Century Irish Hero
on May 26, 2020 at 9:00 pm
VALLADOLID, SPAIN—The Irish Times reports that a team of researchers led by archaeologist Óscar Burón have uncovered human remains at what may be the burial place of Red Hugh O’Donnell, an Irish nobleman who led a rebellion against the government in Ireland and died in Spain in 1602, after attempting to persuade Spanish king Philip III to send additional troops to Ireland to continue the fight against the English. Historical accounts record that O’Donnell’s […]
Dozens of Mammoths Discovered in Mexico
on May 26, 2020 at 8:30 pm
MEXICO CITY, MEXICO—According to an Associated Press report, the remains of some 60 mammoths have been unearthed at a construction site in central Mexico, about six miles away from two pits dug about 15,000 years ago to trap the giant beasts. Bones from at least 14 mammoths, some of which had been butchered, were recovered from those pits last year. Archaeologist Pedro Sánchez Nava of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History said there could be hundreds of sets […]
Study Suggests New Dates for the Spread of Writing in Japan
on May 26, 2020 at 8:00 pm
SAKURAI, JAPAN—The Asahi Shimbun reports that archaeologist Yasuo Yanagida of Kokugakuin University examined 150 stone artifacts unearthed in western Japan and dated to the Yayoi Pottery Culture period (ca. 1000 B.C.–A.D. 250) and the Kofun Period, which spanned the third to seventh century A.D. The items had previously been identified as whetstones, but Yanagida suggests they may have been used to mix ink for writing. Such ink slabs usually have hollows where the ink was rubbed and […]
Villages in the Sky
on May 26, 2020 at 5:13 pm
The Wind River Range in the Rocky Mountains stretches 100 miles across northwestern Wyoming and the Continental Divide, extending from the thick pine forests of Yellowstone National Park toward the vast grasslands of the Great Plains. From the river valleys and lakes below, the peaks of the mighty “Winds” rise toward the sky, reaching 13,000 feet above sea level. These granite towers pierce the clouds and are surrounded by high-altitude plateaus dotted with tundra and remnants of […]
Occupation of the last Neanderthal groups in the Cantabrian region
on May 26, 2020 at 2:24 pm
Scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) have participated in a study published today in the journal Scientific Reports on the settlement patterns of the last Neanderthal groups in the Cantabrian region at the Amalda I Cave (Gipuzkoa), which reveals the organization of the activities carried out there and alternation in its occupation by humans and carnivores.