Ancient Colony News
- Illuminating the Philistines’ Originsby Jonathan Laden on July 31, 2021 at 8:00 pm
A new DNA study reveals that the Philistines, the inhabitants of Ashkelon during Iron Age I, had predominantly European ancestry. The post Illuminating the Philistines’ Origins appeared first on Biblical Archaeology Society.
- UK court overturns govt go-ahead for Stonehenge road tunnelon July 30, 2021 at 9:19 pm
A British court on Friday overturned government approval for the construction of a controversial road tunnel close to the Stonehenge stone circle, following opposition from historians, archaeologists and druids.
- Silver Coin Unearthed at India’s Keeladi Archaeological Siteon July 30, 2021 at 9:00 pm
TAMIL NADU, INDIA—According to a report in The Times of India, a punch-marked silver coin has been unearthed at the Keeladi archaeological site, which is located on the banks of the Vaigai River in southeastern India. The coin bears images of the sun, the moon, a bull, and a dog on its obverse, and a half circle and a sign resembling a Tamil letter on its reverse. Thangam Thennarasu, minister for industries, Tamil development, and archaeology, said the coin may have been used in trade with […]
- New Dates for North Africa’s Acheulian Stone Toolson July 30, 2021 at 8:30 pm
CASABLANCA, MOROCCO—The AFP reports that a hand-ax manufacturing sited dated to some 1.3 million years ago has been uncovered in a quarry in central-western Morocco by an international team of researchers. Archaeologist Abderrahim Mohib said the discovery pushes back the emergence of Acheulian stone tool technology in North Africa by about 600,000 years. Acheulian tools in South Africa have been dated to 1.6 million years ago, and to 1.8 million years ago in East Africa. Mohib said that the […]
- Genetic Study Examines Neanderthal Blood Typeson July 30, 2021 at 8:00 pm
MARSEILLE, FRANCE—According to a Cosmos Magazine report, paleoanthropologist Silvana Condemi and her colleagues at Aix-Marseille University used information from three Neanderthal genomes and one 64,000-year-old Denisovan genome to investigate their blood types. Only one Neanderthal’s blood had been typed in the past, and was found to be type O under the ABO system used to classify the blood of modern humans. Since all chimpanzees are type A, and all gorillas are type B, it was assumed that […]
- Metal artifacts in Southeast Asia challenge long-held archaeological theoryon July 30, 2021 at 2:40 pm
In archaeometallurgy, the study of ancient metal, archaeologists have historically taken a top-down approach, meaning that the jewelry, tools, weapons, and other artifacts they discover have come to signify a dominant ruling group that exerted overarching control over how to use such resources.
- Remains of ancient dogs found among early human ancestral remains in Georgiaon July 30, 2021 at 12:50 pm
A team of researchers from Italy, Spain and Georgia has found the remains of ancient hunting dogs at a dig site in what is now modern Georgia. In their paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, the group describes the fossils they found, their attempts to classify them and the possibility of the dogs interacting with early human ancestors.
- 'Digging' into early medieval Europe with big dataon July 30, 2021 at 7:37 am
During the middle of the sixth century CE a dramatic transformation began in how the people of western Europe buried their dead. The transition from 'furnished' inhumation (those with grave goods to include jewellery, dress accessories, tools and personal items etc) to 'unfurnished' (those without grave goods) was widespread and by the early eighth century an unfurnished inhumation was by far the favoured method of burial.
- Roman Canal and Road Uncovered in The Netherlandson July 29, 2021 at 8:30 pm
OOSTERHOUT, THE NETHERLANDS—The AFP reports that a canal and gravel road thought to have been built and used by the Roman military have been discovered near the city of Nijmegen in the eastern Netherlands. Archaeologist Eric Noord of RAAP said the 33-foot-wide canal probably linked nearby Roman settlements and military bases to the Rhine River in order to transport troops, supplies, and building materials along the border of the Roman Empire. To read about Roman dice unearthed in the […]
- Contents of Bronze Age Burial Urn from Hungary Examinedon July 29, 2021 at 8:00 pm
BOLOGNA, ITALY—According to a Live Science report, researchers led by Claudio Cavazzuti of the University of Bologna have examined the contents of an elite burial urn recovered from a Bronze Age cemetery discovered at a construction site near the Danube River in northern Hungary. Thousands of burials belonging to the Vatya culture are expected to be found in the cemetery, Cavazzuti explained. Although this particular urn appeared to be similar to the several hundred that have been excavated […]
- Bronze Age cemetery reveals history of a high-status woman and her twinson July 29, 2021 at 4:18 pm
Ancient urn graves contain a wealth of information about a high-ranking woman and her Bronze Age Vatya community, according to a new study.
- Sediments from lake in Japan reveal stable climate led to origin of agricultureon July 29, 2021 at 3:19 pm
The development of agriculture was a landmark feat for modern humans. It marked the beginning of a sedentary lifestyle and development of 'civilizations'. However, the environmental factors that drove this revolutionary change in how humans lived have been debated until now.
- Weapon grave of Suontaka, Hattula in Finland reveals flexible gender roles in the early Middle Ageson July 29, 2021 at 1:28 pm
The modern re-analysis of a weapon grave found in Suontaka, Hattula in Finland over 50 years ago challenges the traditional beliefs about gender roles in the Iron Age and Early Medieval communities and reveals information about the gender expressions of the period. The grave also functions as a proof of how non-binary people could have been valued and respected members of their communities.
- Copper Coins Unearthed at Greek City Site in Russiaon July 28, 2021 at 8:30 pm
KRASNODAR KRAI, RUSSIA—According to an ArtNet News report, researchers led by Vladimir Kuznetsov of the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology uncovered the broken neck of an amphora holding 80 copper staters in Phanagoria, an ancient Greek city located in southwestern Russia. The coins are thought to have been hidden before an attack by the Huns or the Turks, who burned large sections of the city and left the coins covered in ash and fire-damaged wooden floors. A broken […]
- Dutch unearth Roman canal, road near UNESCO heritage siteson July 28, 2021 at 8:03 pm
Dutch archaeologists said on Wednesday they have unearthed a Roman canal and road near ancient military camps that were this week listed on UNESCO's list of World Heritage sites.
- Rock Art Sites Push Back Settlement of Northern Indiaon July 28, 2021 at 8:00 pm
HARYANA, INDIA—The Print reports that Paleolithic paintings and artifacts have been found in multiple rock shelters and open-air sites near Mangar Bani forest in northwestern India’s Aravalli Mountains. The newly found rock art is estimated to date back some 20,000 to 40,000 years. “Some are line drawings, which are the oldest, when humans hadn’t really figured out how to draw complex patterns,” said Banani Bhattacharya of the Haryana Department of Archaeology and Museums. “Then we […]
- Neanderthal and Denisovan blood groups decipheredon July 28, 2021 at 6:03 pm
The blood groups of three Neanderthals one Denisovan have been determined by a team including a palaeoanthropologist, population geneticists, and haematologists. Their research provides new data for understanding the origins, history, and health of these extinct hominin lineages.
- Bronze Age cemetery reveals history of a high-status woman and her twinson July 28, 2021 at 6:00 pm
Ancient urn graves contain a wealth of information about a high-ranking woman and her Bronze Age Vatya community, according to a study published July 28, 2021 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Claudio Cavazzuti from the University of Bologna, Italy, and Durham University, UK, and colleagues.
- New Dates for Canterbury Cathedral’s Medieval Stained Glasson July 27, 2021 at 8:30 pm
CANTERBURY, ENGLAND—BBC News reports that stained glass windows over the south entrance of Canterbury Cathedral, which depict the ancestors of Christ, have been re-dated to the mid-twelfth century using a new, non-destructive technique. Conservator Léonie Seliger and her colleagues used a device called a windolyser to shine a beam on the surface of the glass. Spectrometry was then used to analyze the chemical fingerprint of the glass and calculate its age. The new dates indicate that the […]
- Smuggled Old Kingdom Statue Returned to Egypton July 27, 2021 at 8:00 pm
CAIRO, EGYPT—According to an Ahram Online report, an Old Kingdom statue depicting the priest Nikau-Ptah has been returned to Egypt from an art gallery in the Netherlands. Nikau-Ptah is shown standing and wearing a short skirt, although the statue’s legs are missing. The priest’s name was engraved on the sculpture’s right hand. Shaaban Abdel-Gawad of Egypt’s Antiquities Repatriation Department said the statue had been illegally excavated and smuggled out of Egypt. To read about the […]
- Chile's ancient mummies added to UN heritage liston July 27, 2021 at 7:45 pm
Chile's Chinchorro mummies, the oldest in the world to have been purposefully preserved by humans, were added to UNESCO's World Heritage List on Tuesday.
- Oral biome change during shift from foraging to farming not as dramatic as in recent yearson July 27, 2021 at 2:40 pm
A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Italy, the US and Austria has found that changes to the human oral biome during the shift from foraging to farming were not nearly as dramatic as those that have occurred in modern times. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes their analysis of dental records covering thousands of years and what it showed them about changes to the microbiome in the human mouth.
- Inscription With Image of Babylonian King Found in Saudi Arabiaon July 26, 2021 at 8:30 pm
RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA—Live Science reports that a 2,550-year-old inscription has been discovered on a piece of basalt in the Hail region of northern Saudia Arabia. Nabonidus, the last king of Babylon, is shown holding a scepter at the top of the engraving, along with a snake, a flower, and the moon. These images are thought to have been used as symbols with religious meaning. The lines of cuneiform text following the images are being translated and may offer new information about the king. […]
- New Thoughts on Early Human Dentitionon July 26, 2021 at 8:00 pm
DUNEDIN, NEW ZEALAND—According to a statement released by the University of Otago, biological anthropologist Ian Towle and dentist Carolina Loch examined more than 20,000 teeth from fossils and living primates and noted the position and size of any tooth fractures for clues to the diets of early humans. The researchers found that extreme tooth wear and high rates of tooth fractures were normal within the Homo genus, similar to the rate of tooth fracture found in living primates who eat a diet […]
- Greece's first underwater museum opens ancient world to dive touristson July 25, 2021 at 8:41 am
Emerging from the crystal-clear turquoise waters of the Aegean Sea, Hans-Juergen Fercher has just returned from his fourth dive to where mounds of 2,500-year-old wine pots mark the site of an ancient shipwreck—and Greece's first underwater museum.
- Rock-Cut Chambers Unearthed in Turkey’s House of the Museson July 23, 2021 at 9:00 pm
GAZIANTEP, TURKEY—Hurriyet Daily News reports that two rock-cut chambers thought to have been used as dining rooms have been discovered in the so-called “House of the Muses,” which is located in southeastern Anatolia’s ancient city of Zeugma. The building is known for its decorative mosaic floors, and named for one consisting of portraits of the nine muses. Archaeologist Kutalmiş Görkay said work to reinforce the chambers after they were emptied of earthen fill continues. “In […]
- Artifact Found in Germany Hints at Neanderthal Hunting Practiceson July 23, 2021 at 8:30 pm
TÜBINGEN, GERMANY—According to a statement released by the University of Tübingen, a leaf-shaped point dated to at least 65,000 years ago has been unearthed in southern Germany’s Hohle Fels Cave by a team led by Nicholas Conard of the University of Tübingen. Microscopic analysis of the Neanderthal artifact by Veerle Rots of the University of Liège revealed damage to the tip that suggests it had been mounted on a wooden shaft and used as a thrusting spear during large animal hunts. The […]
- Sonar Survey Detects Underwater Roman Structures in Veniceon July 23, 2021 at 8:00 pm
VENICE, ITALY—ANSA reports that possible traces of a Roman road and dock were found during a survey of Venice conducted by researchers from Italy’s National Research Center and IUAV University. “We carried out the mapping with sonar because we wanted to study the morphology of the canals in 3-D,” said geophysicist Fantina Madricardo of the National Research Center. The remains of the dock were found in an area of the lagoon known as the Treporti Channel. The Roman road, thought to have […]
- Mexico to bury archaeological find because of virus costson July 23, 2021 at 4:47 pm
The costs of dealing with the coronavirus pandemic have forced Mexican archaeologists to re-bury a unusual find that combined colonial and pre-Hispanic features.
- AI spots shipwrecks from the ocean surface and from the airon July 23, 2021 at 12:33 pm
In collaboration with the United States Navy's Underwater Archaeology Branch, I taught a computer how to recognize shipwrecks on the ocean floor from scans taken by aircraft and ships on the surface. The computer model we created is 92% accurate in finding known shipwrecks. The project focused on the coasts of the mainland U.S. and Puerto Rico. It is now ready to be used to find unknown or unmapped shipwrecks.
- Tollund Man’s Last Meal Re-Examinedon July 22, 2021 at 8:00 pm
SILKEBORG, DENMARK—NBC News reports that Nina Nielsen of Silkeborg Museum and her colleagues have re-examined the intestinal contents of Tollund Man, whose 2,400-year-old, naturally preserved remains were recovered from a bog in central Denmark in the 1950s. Previous research has shown that Tolland Man was killed by hanging—a noose of braided animal hide remains around his neck. Yet his body was placed on one side with closed eyes and a faint smile, as if asleep. The new study found traces […]
- Roman road discovered in the Venice lagoonon July 22, 2021 at 3:00 pm
The discovery of a Roman road submerged in the Venice Lagoon is reported in Scientific Reports this week. The findings suggest that extensive settlements may have been present in the Venice Lagoon centuries before the founding of Venice began in the fifth century.
- Stone tool tells the story of Neanderthal huntingon July 22, 2021 at 1:59 pm
65,000 years ago Neanderthal from the Swabian Jura hunted horses and reindeer with hafted leaf-shaped stone points. A newly discovered leaf point from the UNESCO World Heritage site of Hohle Fels Cave documents the evolution of hunting. A team under the direction of Professor Nicholas Conard for the University of Tübingen and the Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment in southern Germany recovered the artifact underlying a layer dating to 65,000 years ago, which […]