Archeology News

Archeology News

  • Lead Levels in Ice Core May Reflect England’s Medieval History
    on April 3, 2020 at 8:00 pm

    NOTTINGHAM, ENGLAND—Analysis of an ice core from the Colle Gnifetti glacier in the Swiss-Italian Alps by Christopher Loveluck of Nottingham University and his colleagues suggests that a spike in the amount of lead in the air can be linked to the late twelfth-century death of Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, according to a BBC News report. Atmospheric modeling indicates that the lead in the ice core was carried to the European Alps on winds from British mines, and tax records […]

  • Lacustrine ecosystems needed 10 million years to recover after end-permian mass extinction
    on April 3, 2020 at 4:02 pm

    The end-Permian mass extinction (EPME), approximately 252 million years ago (Ma), caused a serious marine and terrestrial ecosystem crisis, and about 75% of terrestrial biological species disappeared. How long did it take for terrestrial ecosystems to recover?

  • Tooth be told: Earless seals existed in ancient Australia
    on April 3, 2020 at 2:16 pm

    A fossilised seal tooth found on a Victorian beach could hold the key to uncovering the history and geography of earless seals that graced Australia's shores three million years ago.

  • Underwater Artifacts Returned to Mexico’s Lake of the Moon
    on April 2, 2020 at 9:00 pm

    TOLUCA, MEXICO—According to a report in Mexico News Daily, archaeologists from Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) placed a collection of artifacts stored in a special container at the bottom of the Lake of the Moon, which is located at high altitude near the Nevado de Toluca volcano in central Mexico. The objects were discovered in the lake in 2007, and were kept in similar underwater conditions for the past 13 years while they were studied. Most of the […]

  • Statue Fragments Found Near Cambodia’s Bayon Temple
    on April 2, 2020 at 8:30 pm

    SIEM REAP, CAMBODIA—The Khmer Times reports that large statue fragments have been recovered from a canal near the Gate of the Dead at Angkor Thom by members of Cambodia’s Department of Monuments and Preventive Archaeology, the heritage police, and agents from the Apsara Authority. “The god statue found by the working team has four pieces, while another giant statue has only the back part without a face,” said Chhouk Somala of the Department of Monuments and Preventive […]

  • Coin Cache Discovered Under Church Floor in Slovakia
    on April 2, 2020 at 8:00 pm

    KOŠICE, SLOVAKIA—The Slovak Spectator reports that a cache of coins was found in a ceramic mug under a stone slab in the old floor of a church in eastern Slovakia. The cache is thought to have been hidden in the early eighteenth century by a parish priest during a time of unrest and forgotten. Most of the more than 500 coins may have been currency issued by local mines to pay miners. Silver coins in the collection were wrapped separately in linen. The church was torn down and […]

  • When three species of human ancestor walked the Earth
    on April 2, 2020 at 7:57 pm

    Scientists share details of the most ancient fossil of Homo erectus known and discuss how these new findings are forcing us to rewrite a part of our species' evolutionary history.

  • Direct human ancestor Homo erectus is older than we thought
    on April 2, 2020 at 6:00 pm

    An unusual skullcap and thousands of clues have created a southern twist to the story of human ancestors, in research published in Science on 3 April.

  • Six million-year-old bird skeleton points to arid past of Tibetan plateau
    on April 2, 2020 at 4:29 pm

    Researchers from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found a new species of sandgrouse in six to nine million-year-old rocks in Gansu Province in western China. The newly discovered species points to dry, arid habitats near the edge of the Tibetan Plateau as it rose to its current extreme altitude.

  • Fossil trove sheds light on ancient antipodean ecology
    on April 2, 2020 at 3:00 pm

    The oldest known animals and plants preserved in amber from Southern Gondwana are reported in Scientific Reports this week. Gondwana, the supercontinent made up of South America, Africa, Madagascar, India, Antarctica and Australia, broke away from the Pangea supercontinent around 200 million years ago. The findings further our understanding of ecology in Australia and New Zealand during the Late Triassic to mid-Paleogene periods (230-40 million years ago).

  • Baby steps: Ancient skull helps trace path to modern childhood
    on April 2, 2020 at 2:20 pm

    Within our extended primate family consisting of lemurs, monkeys, and apes, humans have the largest brains. Our closest living relatives, chimpanzees, weigh about two-thirds as much as us, yet our brains are about 3.5 times larger.

  • Fourth new pterosaur discovery in matter of weeks
    on April 2, 2020 at 2:14 pm

    You wait ages for a pterosaur and then four come along at once.

  • Fossil skull casts doubt over modern human ancestry
    on April 2, 2020 at 1:10 pm

    Griffith University scientists have led an international team to date the skull of an early human found in Africa, potentially upending human evolution knowledge with their discovery.

  • Study offers new insight into the impact of ancient migrations on the European landscape
    on April 2, 2020 at 7:02 am

    Neolithic populations have long been credited with bringing about a revolution in farming practices across Europe. However, a new study suggests it was not until the Bronze Age several millennia later that human activity led to significant changes to the continent's landscape.

  • New Thoughts on Pueblo Bonito’s “Tree of Life”
    on April 1, 2020 at 9:30 pm

    TUCSON, ARIZONA—According to a Live Science report, Chris Guiterman of the University of Arizona thinks the so-called Plaza Tree, a 20-foot-long tree trunk unearthed in the center of Chaco Canyon’s Pueblo Bonito in 1924, did not hold symbolic or religious meaning for the residents. It had been previously suggested that the trunk was the center of a religious cult, or that it came from a “tree of life” which symbolized “the center of the world.” […]

  • Scientists Question Ancient Japanese Astronomical Observations
    on April 1, 2020 at 9:00 pm

    HAYAMA, JAPAN—Ryuho Kataoka of Japan’s Graduate University for Advanced Studies and National Institute of Polar Research and his colleagues investigated the possible source of an astronomical phenomenon described by witnesses in A.D. 620 as a fan of red pheasant feathers that stretched across the sky, according to a statement released by Japan's Research Organization of Information and Systems. In Japanese folklore, Kataoka said, pheasants were considered messengers from heaven. It […]

  • Concealed Objects Found at Women’s Mental Asylum in Tasmania
    on April 1, 2020 at 8:30 pm

    NEW NORFOLK, TASMANIA—ABC News Australia reports that archaeologist Lauren Bryant of Flinders University is studying a collection of more than 1,000 artifacts discovered under the verandah of the Ladies’ Cottage, a facility for middle-class women on the grounds of the Royal Derwent Hospital, which opened in 1827 for convicts with psychiatric illnesses. The Ladies’ Cottage closed in 2000. “Their families generally would pay for them to be in the facilities and get a […]

  • Roman Town Excavation Continues in England
    on April 1, 2020 at 8:00 pm

    SUFFOLK, ENGLAND—The Suffolk Free Press reports that the continuing excavation of a Roman town site in eastern England has uncovered an engraved tool made of sheep leg bone that may have been used as a bobbin by weavers, a bronze hairpin and tweezers, and scale weights. A large number of butchered sheep and cattle bones were also recovered, suggesting that meat processing was a trade practiced in the town. Pottery expert Alice Lyons said that some of the more than 2,500 pottery fragments […]

  • Modern humans, Neanderthals share a tangled genetic history, study affirms
    on April 1, 2020 at 7:52 pm

    In recent years, scientists have uncovered evidence that modern humans and Neanderthals share a tangled past. In the course of human history, these two species of hominins interbred not just once, but at multiple times, the thinking goes.

  • Exploring the Life of Ancient Mountaineers
    on April 1, 2020 at 7:08 pm

    Over the last two decades, archaeologists led by the University of Wyoming’s Richard Adams have discovered dozens of sites high in the mountains of Wyoming’s Wind River Range. Previously, scholars believed that high altitude environments were not places prehistoric people would have settled. But archaeologists are now finding that ancient sites abound in the mountains of the American West. All the following images of the fieldwork conducted in the Wind River Range are courtesy of […]

  • Homo naledi juvenile remains offers clues to how our ancestors grew up
    on April 1, 2020 at 7:08 pm

    A partial skeleton of Homo naledi represents a rare case of an immature individual, shedding light on the evolution of growth and development in human ancestry, according to a study.

  • Modern humans, Neanderthals share a tangled genetic history, study affirms
    on April 1, 2020 at 7:08 pm

    A new study reinforces the concept that Neanderthal DNA has been woven into the modern human genome on multiple occasions as our ancestors met Neanderthals time and again in different parts of the world.

  • Skull scans reveal evolutionary secrets of fossil brains
    on April 1, 2020 at 6:00 pm

    Scientists have long been able to measure and analyze the fossil skulls of our ancient ancestors to estimate brain volume and growth. The question of how these ancient brains compare to modern human brains and the brains of our closest primate cousin, the chimpanzee, continues to be a major target of investigation.

  • Homo naledi juvenile remains offers clues to how our ancestors grew up
    on April 1, 2020 at 6:00 pm

    A partial skeleton of Homo naledi represents a rare case of an immature individual, shedding light on the evolution of growth and development in human ancestry, according to a study published April 1, 2020 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Debra Bolter of Modesto Junior College in California and the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, and colleagues.

  • Oldest-ever human genetic evidence clarifies dispute over our ancestors
    on April 1, 2020 at 3:00 pm

    Genetic information from an 800,000-year-old human fossil has been retrieved for the first time. The results from the University of Copenhagen shed light on one of the branching points in the human family tree, reaching much further back in time than previously possible.

  • 5,000-Year-Old Cultic Area Unearthed in Iraq
    on March 31, 2020 at 9:00 pm

    LONDON, ENGLAND—Live Science reports that a team of researchers led by Sebastien Rey of the British Museum and Tina Greenfield of the University of Saskatchewan found sheep, cow, deer, gazelle, fish, goat, pig, and bird bones, as well as more than 300 broken ceramic cups, bowls, jars, and spouted vessels, in a ritual pit at the site of Girsu in southern Iraq. The pit was located in an area with burnt floors and a thick layer of ash. Rey and Greenfield said the possible cultic area […]

  • Traces of Neolithic Stone Mounds Uncovered in Wales
    on March 31, 2020 at 8:30 pm

    BLAENAU GWENT, WALES—Members of the Aberystruth History and Archaeology Society discovered Neolithic cairns in the Cwmcelyn Valley of southern Wales, according to a Wales Online report. The remains of one of the cairns set in the hillside measures about 62 feet long and 40 feet wide. “We only found this one because we noticed that the nearby wall wasn’t straight, and was built around something that was no longer there,” said group member Ian Fewings. A geophysical […]

  • Possible Pleistocene Rock Art Discovered in East Timor
    on March 31, 2020 at 8:00 pm

    SOUTHAMPTON, ENGLAND—According to a Cosmos Magazine report, Christopher Standish of the University of Southampton and his colleagues have found traces of poorly preserved hand stencils and pigment splatters in the Lene Hara Cave, which is located on the eastern side of the island of Timor. Standish said the paintings, which probably date to the Pleistocene, were made by blowing red pigment over a hand placed on a mineral crust. The mineral crust has since flaked off the cave walls, […]

  • A study lays out the complexity of the settlement of Asia by Homo sapiens
    on March 31, 2020 at 12:30 pm

    Up to now, studies have focused on determining when the first modern human arrived in China, but there has been hardly any research into the dynamics of this settlement. A joint paper by institutions from China, Spain and the United Kingdom proposes that, given its size and biogeographical diversity, China would have received migrations by Homo sapiens from both north and south, with hardly any overlap between them.

  • Mesoamerican copper smelting technology aided colonial weaponry
    on March 31, 2020 at 11:48 am

    When Spanish invaders arrived in the Americas, they were generally able to subjugate the local peoples thanks, in part, to their superior weaponry and technology. But archeological evidence indicates that, in at least one crucial respect, the Spaniards were quite dependent on an older Indigenous technology in parts of Mesoamerica (today's Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras).

  • Study Suggests Neanderthals Regularly Enjoyed Sea Food
    on March 30, 2020 at 8:30 pm

    GÖTTINGEN, GERMANY—The Guardian reports that an international team of researchers has uncovered evidence that Neanderthals systematically collected and processed seafood between 86,000 and 106,000 years ago at Figueira Brava, a cave on the coast of Portugal. The massive cave deposit includes remains of mussels, limpets, crabs, sharks, fish, eels, seals, dolphins, and marine birds. João Zilhão of the University of Barcelona explained that the fatty acids found in marine […]

  • Historic African American Cemetery Mapped in Rhode Island
    on March 30, 2020 at 8:00 pm

    PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND—According to a statement released by Brown University, graduate students Alex Marko, Dan Plekhov, and Miriam Rothenberg assembled an interactive map of God’s Little Acre, an African American burial ground in Newport, Rhode Island. The cemetery, in use between 1720 and 1990, holds the remains of generations of free and enslaved people, some of whom were born in Africa. The map, created using 3-D photogrammetry and images captured through the use of a drone, […]

  • Research identifies regular climbing behavior in a human ancestor
    on March 30, 2020 at 7:00 pm

    A new study led by the University of Kent has found evidence that human ancestors as recent as two million years ago may have regularly climbed trees.

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