Neolithic Settlement Discovered Near Turkey’s Black Sea Coast
on September 29, 2020 at 9:30 pm
KASTAMONU, TURKEY—Hurriyet Daily News reports that a team of researchers led by Nurperi Ayengin of Düzce University are excavating a pre-pottery Neolithic settlement at Kahin Tepe, which is located on northern Turkey’s Black Sea coast. “We think that this is a sacred area where people came at certain times of the year to hunt, share their knowledge, worship, and make statues of animals,” Ayengin said. Many of the objects found at the site, which has been dated to between 9,000 and […]
Ancient Cistern Fully Excavated in Croatia
on September 29, 2020 at 9:00 pm
LUMBARDA, CROATIA—Croatia Week reports that an ancient cistern measuring about 30 feet wide by 55 feet long and surviving to a depth of about 12 feet has been fully excavated on the southern Croatian island of Korčula. “That’s a huge amount of water,” said archaeologist Hrvoje Potrebica. In 1877, Božo Kršinić discovered the Lumbarda Psephisma, an inscription describing the founding of a Greek settlement on the island some 2,200 years ago, in the cistern, which also dates to about […]
Scientists Search for the Neanderthal Y Chromosome
on September 29, 2020 at 8:00 pm
LEIPZIG, GERMANY—According to a Science Magazine report, Martin Petr and Janet Kelso of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and their colleagues analyzed the Y chromosomes of three Neanderthal men who lived between 38,000 and 53,000 years ago, and whose remains were recovered in Belgium, Spain, and Russia, and the Y chromosomes of two male Denisovans who lived in Siberia between 46,000 and 130,000 years ago. The researchers determined that the genetic material on the […]
Iron Age Sacrifice Site Found in Slovakia
on September 29, 2020 at 8:00 pm
BREZINA, SLOVAKIA—The Slovak Spectator reports that excavation near Trenčín Castle in eastern Slovakia revealed a moat that had been cut through a Celtic site dated to the Iron Age. Archaeologist Juraj Malec said 2,200-year-old ceramics, small bones, and pieces of glass and metal ingots were recovered. Two of the items were the heads of small figurines. “As it is a sacrificial place, all objects went through some kind of heat,” Malec said. Bodies were also likely burned at the site, […]
Walking Into New Worlds
on September 29, 2020 at 6:40 pm
Ancient canyons, dry mesas, and high deserts form the iconic landscape of what is now called the American Southwest. To the Navajo, who call themselves Diné (“the people”), this is sacred land, a place they know as Dinétah. It’s the center of their universe, the place where Diné history began. The story of their emergence is passed from generation to generation through days of oral accounts that describe how their ancestors traveled through four worlds—black, blue, yellow, and […]
Researchers extract DNA from insects embedded in resin
on September 29, 2020 at 2:01 pm
For the first time, Senckenberg scientist Mónica Solórzano-Kraemer, together with lead authors David Peris and Kathrin Janssen of the University of Bonn and additional colleagues from Spain and Norway, successfully extracted genetic material from insects that were embedded in six- and two-year-old resin samples. DNA—in particular, DNA from extinct animals—is an important tool in the identification of species. In the future, the researchers plan to use their new methods on older resin […]
Archaeologists determined the step-by-step path taken by the first people to settle the Caribbean...
on September 29, 2020 at 1:52 pm
For the millions of people around the world who live on islands today, a plane or boat can easily enough carry them to the mainland or other islands.
Engraved Mammoth Tusk from Siberia Studied
on September 28, 2020 at 9:00 pm
KHAKASSIA, RUSSIA—Sci News reports that Yury Esin of the Khakassian Research Institute for Language, Literature and History and his colleagues have conducted a new study of an engraved mammoth tusk recovered in western Siberia’s Tom River in 1988. The tusk, which measures nearly 28 inches long and is thought to have come from a male mammoth between 35 and 40 years of age, has been radiocarbon dated to 13,000 years ago. Esin said the lines engraved on the tusk are thin and shallow, making […]
Parthian-Era Burial Unearthed in Western Iran
on September 28, 2020 at 8:30 pm
TEHRAN, IRAN—According to a Tehran Times report, a skeleton thought to date to the Parthian era (247 B.C. to A.D. 224) has been unearthed at a construction site in western Iran. Archaeologist Shokouh Khosravi of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism said a spearhead was found beneath the skeleton’s ribs. “In the Parthian burial tradition, [giant] jars usually played the role of coffins, and in the discovered tomb, according to the Parthian culture, the body was placed […]
Ancient Adelie penguin colony revealed by snowmelt at Cape Irizar, Ross Sea, Antarctica
on September 28, 2020 at 8:06 pm
Researcher Steven Emslie encountered a puzzle at Cape Irizar, a rocky cape located just south of the Drygalski Ice Tongue on the Scott Coast, Ross Sea. He found both ancient and what appeared to be fresh remains of Adelie penguins, mostly of chicks, which frequently die and accumulate at these colonies. However, the "fresh" remains were puzzling, he says, because there are no records of an active penguin colony at this site since the first explorers (Robert Falcon Scott) in 1901-1903 came to […]
Evidence of Neolithic Rituals Found in Spain
on September 28, 2020 at 8:00 pm
SEVILLE, SPAIN—According to an announcement released by the University of Seville, two human skulls and the remains of a young goat were discovered in southern Spain’s Cueva de la Dehesilla. The bones have been dated to between 4800 and 4000 B.C. A wall at the cave site separated the man and woman’s skulls and the goat from a stone altar, a stela, a hearth, ceramic vessels, stone objects, and charred plant remains. The female skull shows a depression in its frontal bone and cuts likely […]
Modern humans reached westernmost Europe 5,000 years earlier than previously known
on September 28, 2020 at 7:00 pm
Modern humans arrived in the westernmost part of Europe 41,000—38,000 years ago, about 5,000 years earlier than previously known, according to Jonathan Haws, Ph.D., professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Louisville, and an international team of researchers. The team has revealed the discovery of stone tools used by modern humans dated to the earlier time period in a report published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Naked prehistoric monsters: Evidence that prehistoric flying reptiles probably had feathers refuted
on September 28, 2020 at 5:34 pm
The debate about when dinosaurs developed feathers has taken a new turn with a paper refuting earlier claims that feathers were also found on dinosaurs' relatives, the flying reptiles called pterosaurs.
White supremacists believe in genetic 'purity,' but science shows no such thing exists
on September 28, 2020 at 2:10 pm
Far-right white supremacist ideology is on the rise in Europe, North America and Australia. It appeals to a racist notion whereby many white supremacists see themselves as members of a "pure" race that is at risk of dilution and contamination.
The testimony of trees: How volcanic eruptions shaped 2000 years of world history
on September 28, 2020 at 1:05 pm
Researchers have shown that over the past two thousand years, volcanoes have played a larger role in natural temperature variability than previously thought, and their climatic effects may have contributed to past societal and economic change.
Possible War of 1812 Cemetery Found in Vermont
on September 25, 2020 at 9:30 pm
BURLINGTON, VERMONT—Vermont Public Radio reports that the possible remains of soldiers who died during the War of 1812 were found buried in rows at a construction site in northwestern Vermont. John Crock of the University of Vermont said that a hospital barracks and a large army base that housed as many as 4,000 soldiers had been located in the area, and there was likely to have been a cemetery connected to the military hospital even though there are no official records of one. Soldiers died […]
Explorer's Food Cache Discovered in Antarctica
on September 25, 2020 at 9:00 pm
SYOWA STATION, ANTARCTICA—The Asahi Shimbun reports that Japanese researchers have found fragments of a cardboard box and a cache of emergency food dated to 1965 about five miles from Japan’s Syowa Station in Antarctica. The ration included a can of Coca-Cola, chewing gum, and a can of stewed beef and vegetables. Susumu Kokubun, a member of the 1965 expedition of the Maritime Self-Defense Force, said his team leader, Masayoshi Murayama, traveled to the area near Mukai Rocks, where the food […]
Italy Hands Over Stolen Ancient Artifact to Turkey
on September 25, 2020 at 8:30 pm
ISTANBUL, TURKEY—The Anadolu Agency reports that Italy has returned an 1,800-year-old Lydian atonement inscription to Turkey. The artifact was seized in 1997 by Italian anti-smuggling officials who raided an antiquities dealership. Officials from Turkey’s Culture and Tourism Ministry have identified the inscription as part of the Apollon Aksyros Temple in western Turkey’s ancient city of Saitta. The inscription will be displayed in the Anatolian Civilizations Museum. To read about a bowl […]
Dog Remains Found in Mesolithic Burial in Sweden
on September 25, 2020 at 8:00 pm
KARLSKRONA, SWEDEN—According to an Associated Press report, an 8,400-year-old burial containing the well-preserved remains of a dog and a person were uncovered at the site of a Mesolithic settlement in southern Sweden. The site was preserved in sand and mud laid down by rising seas, explained Carl Persson of the Blekinge Museum. Further study of the bones is planned, he added. The site is being excavated ahead of a construction project. To read about a sacrifice of eight dogs and a headless […]
New funerary and ritual behaviors of the Neolithic Iberian populations discovered
on September 25, 2020 at 3:51 pm
Experts from the Department of Prehistory and Archaeology of the University of Seville have just published a study in the prestigious journal PLOS ONE on an important archaeological find in the Cueva de la Dehesilla (Cádiz). Specifically, two human skulls and a juvenile goat were discovered along with various archaeological structures and materials from a funerary ritual from the Middle Neolithic period (4800-4000 BC) hitherto unknown in the Iberian Peninsula.
Scientists investigate the origin of the Quaternary valleys in the Iberian peninsula
on September 25, 2020 at 1:35 pm
Geologists at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH) contributed to a study published recently in the journal Global and Planetary Change exploring one of the geomorphological paradigms of the Iberian Peninsula: the origin and chronology of the earliest Quaternary valleys. The researchers reconstructed the first drainage networks to the north of the Tagus river depression.
Wolves have been caring for the pack for at least 1.3 million years
on September 25, 2020 at 12:08 pm
Wolves today live and hunt in packs, which helps them take down large prey. But when did this group behavior evolve? An international research team has reported specimens of an ancestral wolf, Canis chihliensis, from the Ice Age of north China (~1.3 million years ago), with debilitating injuries to the jaws and leg. The wolf survived these injuries long enough to heal, supporting the likelihood of food-sharing and family care in this early canine.
17th-Century English Book Found in College Library in Spain
on September 24, 2020 at 8:30 pm
MADRID, SPAIN—BBC News reports that John Stone of the University of Barcelona has found a 1634 printing of The Two Noble Kinsmen, a play written by William Shakespeare with John Fletcher, a house playwright for the theater group the King’s Men. The play appears in a book of English plays held at the Royal Scots College, which is now located in Salamanca, Spain. In the seventeenth century, the college was located in Madrid, and was a rare source of English literature for Spanish […]
Chromium Detected in Iran’s 1,000-Year-Old Crucible Steel
on September 24, 2020 at 8:00 pm
LONDON, ENGLAND—Gizmodo reports that evidence unearthed at Chahak, an archaeological site in southern Iran, suggests that ancient Persians added a chromium mineral to their alloys to produce low-chromium steel in the eleventh century A.D. It had been previously thought that chromium steel, also known as stainless steel, was first produced in the twentieth century. Steel was produced at the site by placing a mixture of iron and other minerals, including about one to two percent chromium and […]
Neandertals have adopted male sex chromosome from modern humans
on September 24, 2020 at 7:56 pm
In 1997, the very first Neandertal DNA sequence—just a small part of the mitochondrial genome—was determined from an individual discovered in the Neander Valley, Germany, in 1856. Since then, improvements in molecular techniques have enabled scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology to determine high quality sequences of the autosomal genomes of several Neandertals, and led to the discovery of an entirely new group of extinct humans, the Denisovans, who were […]
Sweden: Bones of dog found at Stone Age burial site
on September 24, 2020 at 2:13 pm
Archaeologists on Thursday reported finding the remains of a dog from more than 8,400 years ago at a human burial site in southern Sweden.
Medieval Monastery Excavated in Ireland’s County Meath
on September 23, 2020 at 9:00 pm
COUNTY MEATH, IRELAND—The Irish Independent reports that archaeologists led by Geraldine Stout have uncovered pottery; the bones of cows, sheep, cats, and dogs; seeds; nuts; a key; a timber dash-urn with a paddle for churning butter; and a bakery at the site of a thirteenth-century monastery in eastern Ireland. The monastery was equipped with a communal latrine, a water system, and a cellar to support between 30 and 50 monks. Previous investigation of the site revealed French jugs and ceramic […]
Chromium steel was first made in ancient Persia
on September 23, 2020 at 1:04 pm
Chromium steel - similar to what we know today as tool steel - was first made in Persia, nearly a millennium earlier than experts previously thought, according to a new study.
Chromium steel was first made in ancient Persia
on September 23, 2020 at 7:51 am
Chromium steel—similar to what we know today as tool steel—was first made in Persia, nearly a millennium earlier than experts previously thought, according to a new study led by UCL researchers.
Jaws of death: Paleontologist renames giant, prehistoric marine lizard
on September 23, 2020 at 7:48 am
Some 92 to 66 million years ago, as the age of dinosaurs waned, giant marine lizards called mosasaurs roamed an ocean that covered North America from Utah to Missouri and Texas to the Yukon. The air-breathing predators were streamlined swimmers that devoured almost everything in their path, including fish, turtles, clams and even smaller mosasaurs.
Wild birds as offerings to the Egyptian gods
on September 22, 2020 at 7:37 pm
Millions of ibis and birds of prey mummies, sacrificed to the Egyptian gods Horus, Ra or Thoth, have been discovered in the necropolises of the Nile Valley. Such a quantity of mummified birds raises the question of their origin: Were they bred, like cats, or were they hunted? Scientists from the CNRS, the Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 and the C2RMF have carried out extensive geochemical analyses on mummies from the Musée des Confluences, Lyon. According to their results, published on 22nd […]
Wild birds as offerings to the Egyptian gods
on September 22, 2020 at 3:22 pm
Millions of mummified ibis and birds of prey, sacrificed to the Egyptian gods Horus, Ra or Thoth, have been discovered in the necropolises of the Nile Valley. Such a quantity of mummified birds raises the question of their origin: were they bred, like cats, or were they hunted? According to a team of scientists that carried out extensive geochemical analyses on mummies, they were wild birds.
Ancient Clay Tablet Offers Insights into the Gilgamesh Epic
by Robin Ngo on September 22, 2020 at 2:04 pm
An ancient clay tablet acquired in recent years by the Sulaymaniyah Museum in Iraq offers new insights into the Gilgamesh Epic. The post Ancient Clay Tablet Offers Insights into the Gilgamesh Epic appeared first on Biblical Archaeology Society.