- Egypt unveils ancient funerary temple south of Cairoon January 17, 2021 at 6:24 pm
Egypt's former antiquities minister and noted archaeologist Zahi Hawass on Sunday revealed details of an ancient funerary temple in a vast necropolis south of Cairo.
- Indonesia’s Ice Age Artists Depicted Warty Pigson January 15, 2021 at 10:00 pm
SULAWESI, INDONESIA—Images of the Sulawesi warty pig (Sus celebensis) found at Leang Tedongnge Cave have been dated to at least 45,500 years ago with uranium-series dating of calcite minerals deposited on the artwork, according to a Live Science report. Adam Brumm of Griffith University said the animals, which are known for their facial warts and weigh up to about 190 pounds, still live on the island today. The largest of the drawings in the cave measures about 4.5 feet long and 1.8 feet […]
- Ancient Artifacts Unearthed in North Carolinaon January 15, 2021 at 9:30 pm
RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA—WTVD reports that archaeologists investigating land slated for highway construction around the city of Raleigh identified more than 155 archaeological sites. The work is being led by North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) archaeologist Matt Wilkerson and his team. One of the sites is thought to have been a camp repeatedly used by hunter-gatherers over a long period. It yielded tools and pieces of a pot dated to A.D. 500, according to researcher Susan […]
- Elk Teeth Offer Clues to Prehistoric Clothing in Russiaon January 15, 2021 at 9:00 pm
HELSINKI, FINLAND—According to a statement released by the University of Helsinki, archaeologist Kristiina Mannermaa and her colleagues analyzed more than 4,000 elk incisors recovered from 8,200-year-old graves on an island in northwestern Russia’s Lake Onega. The teeth are thought to have decorated various items of clothing. All but two of the teeth had one or more small grooves placed at the tip of the root that are thought to have been used to attach them to garments. In those two teeth, […]
- The end of domestic wine in 17th century Japanon January 15, 2021 at 4:29 pm
Researchers from Kumamoto University (Japan) have found an Edo period document that clearly indicates the Hosokawa clan, rulers of the Kokura Domain (modern-day Fukuoka Prefecture), completely stopped producing wine in 1632, the year before the shogunate ordered them to move to the Higo Domain (now Kumamoto Prefecture). The researchers believe that the discontinuation of wine production was directly related to this move and because it was considered to be a drink of a religion that was harshly […]
- Scientists identify contents of ancient Maya drug containerson January 15, 2021 at 4:28 pm
Scientists have identified the presence of a non-tobacco plant in ancient Maya drug containers for the first time.
- Scientists identify contents of ancient Maya drug containerson January 15, 2021 at 4:03 pm
Scientists have identified the presence of a non-tobacco plant in ancient Maya drug containers for the first time. The researchers detected Mexican marigold (Tagetes lucida) in residues taken from 14 miniature Maya ceramic vessels. The vessels also contain chemical traces present in two types of dried and cured tobacco.
- The Ongoing Saga of Sutton Hooon January 15, 2021 at 2:49 am
The small English village of Rendlesham, Suffolk, sits just four miles upriver to the northeast of the famed Anglo-Saxon royal burial site of Sutton Hoo. Portions of the modern village and its fields had long attracted the notice of archaeologists, and had been investigated during the nineteenth century, in the 1940s, and as recently as 1982. Evidence from these studies, though relatively scant, established that it had been an Anglo-Saxon settlement, but not necessarily with a royal connection. […]
- Scientists Examine China’s Meipu Teethon January 14, 2021 at 9:00 pm
BURGOS, SPAIN—According to a statement released by Spain’s National Center for the Investigation of Human Evolution (CENIEH), researchers María Martinón-Torres, José María Bermúdez de Castro, and their colleagues at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing examined the Meipu teeth, which were discovered in southern China in the 1970s, with computerized axial microtomography and other high-tech tools. The teeth have been dated to China’s Early […]
- Teeth pendants speak of the elk's prominent status in the Stone Ageon January 14, 2021 at 5:31 pm
Roughly 8,200 years ago, the island of Yuzhniy Oleniy Ostrov in Lake Onega in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, housed a large burial ground where men, women and children of varying ages were buried. Many of the graves contain an abundance of objects and red ochre, signifying the wish to ensure the comfort of the buried also after death. Pendants made of elk incisors were apparently attached to clothing and accessories, such as dresses, coats, cloaks, headdresses and belts. Although no clothing […]
- Accounting for the gaps in ancient food webson January 14, 2021 at 5:00 pm
If you want to understand an ecosystem, look at what the species within it eat. In studying food webs—how animals and plants in a community are connected through their dietary preferences—ecologists can piece together how energy flows through an ecosystem and how stable it is to climate change and other disturbances. Studying ancient food webs can help scientists reconstruct communities of species, many long extinct, and even use those insights to figure out how modern-day communities might […]
- Spectacular fossil discovery: 150 million-year-old shark was one of the largest of its timeon January 14, 2021 at 4:19 pm
A team led by Sebastian Stumpf from the University of Vienna describes an well-preserved skeleton of the ancient shark Asteracanthus. This rare fossil find comes from the famous Solnhofen limestones in Bavaria, which was formed in a tropical-subtropical lagoon landscape during the Late Jurassic, about 150 million years ago. The almost complete skeleton shows that Asteracanthus was two-and-a-half meters long, which makes this ancient shark one of the largest of its time.
- Sultan’s Grave Discovered in Eastern Turkeyon January 13, 2021 at 10:00 pm
DIYARBAKIR, TURKEY—The Anadolu Agency reports that the grave of Kilij Arslan I, a Seljuk sultan who reigned from A.D. 1092 to 1107, was discovered during investigations ahead of construction work in eastern Turkey by a team of researchers from Dicle University. The team members also found the grave of the sultan’s daughter, Saide Hatun. To read about an Iron Age kingdom in southern Turkey, go to "Luwian Royal Inscription," one of ARCHAEOLOGY's Top 10 Discoveries of 2020.
- 2,500-Year-Old Chu Artifacts Unearthed in Central Chinaon January 13, 2021 at 9:30 pm
YUEYANG, CHINA—Xinhua reports that artifacts dated to the middle of the Spring and Autumn Period (770–475 B.C.) have been uncovered at the Luocheng site in central China’s Hunan Province. The stoneware and pottery, produced by the Chu culture, were unearthed at a site where workshops, pits, and wells were also found. The site is thought to be one of the earliest Chu settlements in the region. The Chu state was centered in what is now Hubei Province to the south. To read about a lost city […]
- Return to the Riveron January 13, 2021 at 9:25 pm
Soon after Captain John Smith arrived at Jamestown in 1607, or so the story goes, he was captured by Opechancanough, the brother of the powerful Native chief Powhatan. English explorers wrote that Powhatan controlled a domain spanning much of what is now Virginia, from the state’s Piedmont region to the coast. Several tribes reportedly paid him tribute and lived within his Powhatan Confederacy. After Smith narrowly escaped execution through, he later claimed, the intervention of Powhatan’s […]
- Anglo-Saxon Settlement and Cemetery Unearthed in Englandon January 13, 2021 at 9:00 pm
NORTHAMPTONSHIRE, ENGLAND—The Northampton Chronicle & Echo reports that an Anglo-Saxon settlement and cemetery, and Bronze Age barrows and burials, were discovered in England’s East Midlands during an archaeological investigation conducted by researchers from the Museum of London Archaeology ahead of a development project. Traces of more than 20 structures were unearthed at the Anglo-Saxon settlement site. Weapons, cosmetic kits, combs, thousands of beads, some 150 brooches, 75 wrist […]
- World's oldest known cave painting found in Indonesiaon January 13, 2021 at 7:55 pm
Archaeologists have discovered the world's oldest known cave painting: a life-sized picture of a wild pig that was made at least 45,500 years ago in Indonesia.
- New Thoughts on Africa’s Middle Paleolithic Periodon January 12, 2021 at 10:30 pm
JENA, GERMANY—According to a statement released by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, researchers Eleanor Scerri of the Max Planck Institute and Khady Niang of the University of Cheikh Anta Diop and their colleagues have identified multiple Middle Paleolithic sites in Senegal dated to about 11,000 years ago. Such Middle Paleolithic tools found in eastern and southern Africa are usually dated to between 30,000 and 300,000 years ago, the researchers explained. The […]
- Unusual Statue Unearthed in Mexicoon January 12, 2021 at 10:00 pm
MEXICO CITY, MEXICO—The Associated Press reports that a stone statue of a woman was unearthed in the region of Huasteca, which is located along Mexico’s Gulf Coast, by farmers who reported their discovery to National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) officials. Thought to have been carved between 1450 and 1521, the carving depicts a woman with an open mouth and wide eyes wearing an elaborate hairpiece. INAH archaeologist María Eugenia Maldonado Vite said the image may be a […]
- 19th-Century Artifacts Found at Possible Tavern Site in Kentuckyon January 12, 2021 at 9:30 pm
LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY—Workers excavating at the corner of Vine Street and South Limestone in Lexington unearthed a brick wall facing Limestone and a limestone wall facing Vine Street, according to a report in the Lexington Herald-Leader. The area has been heavily developed over the years and it was thought that no historical features were present at the site. Archaeologist Jason Flay said an 1857 map of the area shows a building that was expanded as the street changed over the late nineteenth […]
- Tang Dynasty Murals Discovered in Northwestern Chinaon January 12, 2021 at 9:00 pm
XI’AN, CHINA—According to a Xinhua News Agency report, traces of murals painted during the Tang Dynasty (A.D. 618–906) have been discovered in two tombs in northwest China’s Shaanxi Province. In the first tomb, the murals depict northern tribesmen known as huren training horses and leading camels. Li Ming of the Shaanxi Academy of Archaeology said that an epitaph in the tomb indicates that its owner was an early Tang Dynasty official who was in charge of horses. The second tomb, thought […]
- Meipu teeth shed light on the human settlement of Asiaon January 12, 2021 at 6:27 pm
María Martinón-Torres and José María Bermúdez de Castro, researchers at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), have participated in a study published in the Journal of Human Evolution, on one of the few human fossils known from late Early Pleistocene China, the Meipu teeth, which provides new information on the early settlement of continental Asia.
- Fossils' soft tissues helping to solve puzzle that vexed Darwinon January 12, 2021 at 4:01 pm
Remarkably well-preserved fossils are helping scientists unravel a mystery about the origins of early animals that puzzled Charles Darwin.
- New insights from original Domesday survey revealedon January 12, 2021 at 3:04 pm
A new interpretation of the survey behind Domesday Book—the record of conquered England compiled on the orders of William the Conqueror in 1086—has emerged from a major new study of the survey's earliest surviving manuscript.
- Study Examines Ancient Siberian Genomeson January 11, 2021 at 10:00 pm
STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN—According to a Science News report, evolutionary geneticists Anders Götherström and Gülşah Merve Kilinç of Stockholm University and their colleagues analyzed the genomes of 40 people who lived in eastern Siberia between 16,900 and 550 years ago, and compared their DNA to that of other ancient and modern peoples. The study suggests that some 8,300 years ago, a migratory event took place east and west of southern Siberia’s Lake Baikal, one of the largest lakes in the […]
- Researchers Reconstruct Royal Scythian Faceson January 11, 2021 at 9:30 pm
NOVOSIBIRSK, RUSSIA—The Siberian Times reports that researchers have reconstructed the faces of a man and woman whose 2,600-year-old remains were discovered in southern Siberia in 1997. The man and woman’s skeletal remains were found in a wooden chamber in the Arzhan-2 burial mound, which also contained the remains of 33 other people, including five children, and the remains of 14 horses that had been adorned with gold, bronze, and iron trappings. The man and woman were buried in clothing […]
- First human culture lasted 20,000 years longer than thoughton January 11, 2021 at 12:30 pm
Fieldwork led by Dr. Eleanor Scerri, head of the Pan-African Evolution Research Group at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Germany and Dr. Khady Niang of the University of Cheikh Anta Diop in Senegal, has documented the youngest known occurrence of the Middle Stone Age. This repertoire of stone flaking methods and the resulting tools includes distinctive ways of producing sharp flakes by carefully preparing nodules of rock, some of which were sometimes further shaped […]
- Mexican farmers find rare female statue in citrus groveon January 9, 2021 at 1:18 pm
Farmers digging in a citrus grove near Mexico's Gulf coast have found a striking, six-foot-tall statue of a female figure who may represent an elite woman rather than a goddess, or some mixture of the two, experts said Friday.
- Sharing leftover meat may have contributed to early dog domesticationon January 7, 2021 at 4:00 pm
Humans feeding leftover lean meat to wolves during harsh winters may have had a role in the early domestication of dogs, towards the end of the last ice age (14,000 to 29,000 years ago), according to a study published in Scientific Reports.
- Finds in Tanzania's Olduvai Gorge reveal how ancient humans adapted to changeon January 7, 2021 at 2:50 pm
The ability to adapt to changing environments has deep roots. In a technology-driven world, people tend to conflate adaptability with technological change, especially when it comes to navigating adverse climates and places. But not every technological revolution is a result of environmental change.
- Oldest hominins of Olduvai Gorge persisted across changing environmentson January 7, 2021 at 12:54 pm
Olduvai (now Oldupai) Gorge, known as the Cradle of Humankind, is a UNESCO World Heritage site in Tanzania, made famous by Louis and Mary Leakey. New interdisciplinary field work has led to the discovery of the oldest archaeological site in Oldupai Gorge as reported in Nature Communications, which shows that early human used a wide diversity of habitats amidst environmental changes across a 200,000 year-long period.
- Massachusetts lawmaker wants to name official state dinosauron January 5, 2021 at 6:56 pm
A Massachusetts state lawmaker is asking for the public's help to select an official state dinosaur.
- Archaeologists create 3-D model of part of the Tepsei archaeological siteon December 28, 2020 at 6:13 pm
Archeologists from Kemerovo State University are exploring the Tepsei site of Minusinsk Basin, located in Krasnoturansky district (Krasnoyarsk region). Their research objective is to describe the culture and history of the site, covering over 27 square kilometers. The territory includes Mount Tepsei (630 m high) and the river valley below. The site has already revealed numerous archeological artifacts, burial grounds, and ancient villages of the Yenisey culture. The local rock art ranges from […]