Archeology News

Archeology News

  • Battle of Waterloo Field Hospital Excavated
    on July 17, 2019 at 9:38 pm

    MONT-ST-JEAN, BELGIUM—The Guardian reports that the group Waterloo Uncovered, led by Tony Pollard of the University of Glasgow, has uncovered three human leg bones, one of which bears the marks of a surgeon’s saw, at the site of a farmhouse used as a field hospital on June 18, 1815, during the Battle of Waterloo. The field hospital served as many as 6,000 soldiers under the command of Britain’s Duke of Wellington who were wounded while fighting Napoleon Bonaparte’s […]

  • Restoration of King Tut’s Large Golden Coffin Begins
    on July 17, 2019 at 8:46 pm

    CAIRO, EGYPT—Ahram Online reports that the largest of King Tutankhuman’s three coffins has been removed from his tomb and transported to the new Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM), where it will be restored for the first time. This wooden coffin is the only one to have been stored in Tutankhamun’s tomb since its discovery in 1922. The smallest coffin, carved from gold, and the middle-sized one, like the largest made of wood coated with layers of gold plaster, were put on display in […]

  • Stone tool changes may show how Mesolithic hunter-gatherers responded to changing climate
    on July 17, 2019 at 6:10 pm

    The development of new hunting projectiles by European hunter-gatherers during the Mesolithic may have been linked to territoriality in a rapidly-changing climate, according to a study published July 17, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Philippe Crombé from Ghent University, Belgium. […]

  • 310-million-year-old tree fossils to reveal new ancient animals
    on July 17, 2019 at 2:30 pm

    Over 150 years ago, geologist Sir William Dawson made an astounding discovery in the Joggins Cliffs, along the shores of Nova Scotia's Bay of Fundy. Within the lithified remains of a giant tree-like fern were the bones of a tiny, 310 million-year-old animal. […]

  • Scientists describe an almost complete albatross skull from the pliocene epoch
    on July 17, 2019 at 12:39 pm

    Senckenberg ornithologist Gerald Mayr, in conjunction with his colleague Alan Tennyson of the Te Papa Museum in New Zealand, describe a previously unknown, extinct albatross species from the Pliocene. The bird, which lived about 3 million years ago, only reached approximately 90 percent of the size of the smallest modern albatrosses. However, the fossil's most remarkable trait is the unusually narrow beak, which suggests that the new species mainly fed on fish. The diet of modern albatrosses, […]

  • Roman Dwelling and Burial Found in Bulgaria
    on July 17, 2019 at 12:49 am

    PLOVDIV, BULGARIA—Archaeology in Bulgaria reports that a grave dated to the third or fourth century A.D. and an early Roman dwelling were found by utility workers in the city of Plovdiv. The city was occupied by the Thracians and known as Philipopolis, after King Philip II of Macedon, until the first century A.D., when the Romans conquered the region and renamed the city Trimontium. Archaeologist Maya Martinova of the Plovdiv Museum of Archaeology said the dwelling was in a neighborhood […]

  • Neolithic Settlement Discovered in Israel
    on July 16, 2019 at 10:41 pm

    MOTZA, ISRAEL—Reuters reports that a 9,000-year-old settlement estimated to have covered dozens of acres of land has been discovered near Jerusalem. As many as 2,000 to 3,000 people once lived at the site, according to researchers from the Israel Antiquities Authority. Large buildings, alleyways, and storage sheds full of legumes and seeds have been uncovered. Bones from the site suggest the residents kept sheep in addition to planting lentils and other crops. Arrowheads, axes, sickle […]

  • Ancient DNA extracted from Neanderthal fossils of Gibraltar for the first time
    on July 16, 2019 at 1:00 pm

    A new collaborative study, led by the Natural History Museum and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, has extracted ancient DNA from the Neanderthal fossils of Gibraltar for the first time. The new study has confirmed the sex of the skulls and in the case of the fossil discovered in Forbes' Quarry, has related it to Neanderthals beyond Gibraltar. […]

  • Teeth 'time capsule' reveals that 2 million years ago, early humans breastfed for up to 6 years
    on July 16, 2019 at 12:40 pm

    Humans' distant ancestor Australopithecus africanus had a unique approach to raising their young, as shown in our new research published today in Nature. […]

  • History of Bethlehem Documented by First Temple Period Bulla from the City of David
    by Biblical Archaeology Society Staff on July 16, 2019 at 11:38 am

    Earliest History of Bethlehem Documented by First Temple Period Bulla from the City of David Jesus’ Birthplace in Ancient Bethlehem Confirmed as an Israelite City Centuries Earlier The post History of Bethlehem Documented by First Temple Period Bulla from the City of David appeared first on Biblical Archaeology Society. […]

  • New light on cichlid evolution in Africa
    on July 16, 2019 at 9:22 am

    A collaborative research project carried out under the auspices of the GeoBio-Center at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich has developed an integrative approach to the classification of fossil cichlids, and identified the oldest known member of the tribe Oreochromini. […]

  • Hominin Tooth Analysis Offers Breastfeeding Clues
    on July 15, 2019 at 11:23 pm

    MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA—According to a Cosmos report, Renaud Joannes-Boyau of Southern Cross University and his colleagues analyzed levels of different elements in the growth rings of Australopithecus africanus teeth to investigate the hominin’s breastfeeding patterns. The four teeth, recovered from South Africa’s Sterkfontein Cave, belonged to two individuals who lived between 2.6 and 2.1 million years ago. The levels of barium, which is absorbed by growing teeth more readily on […]

  • Medieval Fortification Wall Found in Czech Republic
    on July 15, 2019 at 10:55 pm

    MORAVIA, CZECH REPUBLIC—Radio Praha reports that foundations of a fortification wall have been uncovered at the site of Břeclav Castle, which is located near the southern border of the Czech Republic, and radiocarbon dated to A.D. 1041. “This leads us to conclude that it was most likely built by Břetislav, duke of Bohemia,” said Miroslav Dejmal of Archaia Brno. “When Moravia came under Břetislav’s administration, he invested in its castles and forts, […]

  • New Thoughts on Moving Stonehenge Megaliths
    on July 15, 2019 at 10:45 pm

    WILTSHIRE, ENGLAND—Science Magazine reports that large quantities of pig fat may have been used to transport megaliths to the site of Stonehenge. Lisa-Marie Shillito of Newcastle University and her colleagues suggest such grease would have made it easier to slide wooden sleds, used to carry the two-ton stones, over logs placed on the ground. It had been previously thought that pig fat detected in pieces of bucket-sized pots at Durrington Walls, a village site located near the Neolithic […]

  • Column Bases Unearthed at Site of Great Synagogue of Vilna
    on July 15, 2019 at 10:44 pm

    VILNIUS, LITHUANIA—According to a report in The Baltic Times, the bases of two columns have been uncovered at the site of the Great Synagogue of Vilna, which was built in 1633 and burned down by the Nazis during World War II. It was formerly one of the most important centers for Jewish worship in Eastern Europe. Lead archaeologist Jon Seligman said the columns, which originally stood about 30 feet tall, were part of the bimah, a raised central platform where the rabbi stood to read the […]

  • Maternal secrets of our earliest ancestors unlocked
    on July 15, 2019 at 4:33 pm

    Extended parental care is considered one of the hallmarks of human evolution. A stunning new research result published today in Nature reveals for the first time the parenting habits of one of our earliest extinct ancestors. […]

  • Extinct human species likely breast fed for a year after birth, study suggests
    on July 15, 2019 at 3:00 pm

    Infants of the extinct human species Australopithecus africanus likely breast fed for up to a year after birth, similar to modern humans but of shorter duration than modern day great apes, according to an analysis of fossil teeth funded in part by the National Institutes of Health. The findings provide insight into how breast feeding evolved among humans and may inform strategies to improve modern breast-feeding practices. The study appears in Nature. […]

  • Ancient Roman port history unveiled
    on July 15, 2019 at 2:50 pm

    Researchers successfully reconstructed anthropic influences on sedimentation, including dredging and canal gates use, in the ancient harbour of Portus—a complex of harbour basins and canals that formed the hub of commerce in the capital of the Roman Empire. […]

  • Stonehenge may have been built using lard
    on July 15, 2019 at 2:18 pm

    Pig fat could have been used to grease the sledges used to transport the massive stones of Stonehenge into position, new analysis by archaeologists at Newcastle University has suggested. […]

  • Ancient Roman port history unveiled
    on July 15, 2019 at 1:48 pm

    Researchers have applied marine geology techniques at an ancient harbor archaeological site to uncover ancient harbor technologies of the first centuries AD. […]

  • Southeast Asia was crowded with archaic human groups long before we turned up
    on July 15, 2019 at 12:59 pm

    Around 55,000-50,000 years ago, a population of modern humans left Africa and started on the long trek that would lead them around the world. After rapidly crossing Eurasia and Southeast Asia, they traveled through the islands of Indonesia, and eventually as far as the continent of Sahul—modern-day Australia and New Guinea. […]

  • Genome study reveals extent, diversity of Roman-era pandemic
    on July 15, 2019 at 12:00 pm

    New research on one of history's most devastating plagues shows that it spread farther than previously believed, reaching post–Roman Britain, and provides new information about the plague bacteria's evolution during a pandemic that lasted more than 200 years. […]

  • Strange new species of duck-billed dinosaur identified
    on July 15, 2019 at 5:51 am

    The most complete skull of a duck-billed dinosaur from Big Bend National Park, Texas, is revealed in the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology as a new genus and species, Aquilarhinus palimentus. This dinosaur has been named for its aquiline nose and wide lower jaw, shaped like two trowels laid side by side. […]

  • 6,000-Year-Old Dart Tip Uncovered in Canada
    on July 12, 2019 at 11:15 pm

    SASKATOON, CANADA—The Star Phoenix reports that archaeology student Kristina Chomyshen of the University of Saskatchewan uncovered a 6,000-year-old dart tip at the Wolf Willow site in south-central Canada’s Wanuskewin Heritage Park. The point would have been propelled by hunters with a device called a throwing board. “The Gowen cultural period wasn’t known to be at the Wolf Willow site and very [little] has been found at other sites in Wanuskewin,” Chomyshen […]

  • Ancient Amphoras Found Near Albania
    on July 12, 2019 at 11:04 pm

    DURRES, ALBANIA—The Associated Press reports that members of the RPM Nautical Foundation discovered 22 amphoras in the Ionian Sea, off the coast of Albania’s Karaburun peninsula. The vessels are thought to have held wine or oil and to be at least 2,500 years old. If the remains of the ship that carried the amphoras were to be found, said archaeologist Mateusz Polakowski, it would be the earliest ship known to have sailed along the Albanian coast. The ship may have been traveling to […]

  • Inscription Honoring Dionysus Found in Bulgaria
    on July 12, 2019 at 9:55 pm

    PLOVDIV, BULGARIA—According to a report in The Sofia Globe, a third-century Greek inscription honoring the god Dionysus has been found on a slab that was reused in the floor of a fifth-century Christian basilica at the site of Philippopolis. The dedication, which is followed by the names of 44 members of a mystical society, thanks Dionysus for their rescue from the invasion of the Goths and asks for protection for the new Roman emperors Valerian and Gallien. “What is interesting is […]

  • Small horned dinosaur from China, a Triceratops relative, walked on two feet
    on July 12, 2019 at 8:37 pm

    Many dinosaur species are known from scant remains, with some estimates suggesting 75% are known from five or fewer individuals. Auroraceratops rugosus was typical in this regard when it was named in 2005 based upon a single skull from the Gobi Desert in northwestern China. But that is no longer the case. […]

  • Mini-model of Stonehenge reveals how voices would have carried in original ancient monument
    on July 12, 2019 at 12:40 pm

    A team of researchers at the University of Salford in the U.K. has revealed how voices would have sounded 4,000 years ago inside of the Stonehenge monument. The group made a recording of their efforts and posted the results on SoundCloud. […]

  • 22 ancient amphoras found off Albanian coast
    on July 12, 2019 at 12:05 pm

    A joint Albanian-American underwater archaeology project says it has found amphoras that are at least 2,500 years old in the Ionian Sea off the Albanian coast, which might yield an ancient shipwreck. […]

  • Ice Cores Preserved 1,500 Years of Industrial Lead Levels
    on July 11, 2019 at 11:51 pm

    RENO, NEVADA—Cosmos reports that an international team of researchers analyzed particles of lead trapped in 13 ice cores from Greenland and the Russian Arctic in order to measure levels of economic activity over the past 1,500 years. Lead levels are a useful measure of economic activity because the metal is released into the atmosphere during the mining and smelting of silver, which has been used for producing coins since the Roman era, and during the burning of fossil fuels. Joseph […]

  • Possible Early Homo Sapiens Skull Identified in Greece
    on July 11, 2019 at 11:30 pm

    ATHENS, GREECE—According to a Live Science report, a partial modern human skull found in a cave in southern Greece has been dated to 210,000 years ago, suggesting that modern humans left Africa and arrived in Eurasia some 150,000 years earlier than previously thought. The skull is one of two discovered at the Apidima site in the 1970s. Recent reconstruction of the partial cranium known as Apidima 1 has revealed that it had a mix of archaic and modern characteristics, including a rounded […]

  • Traces of Medieval Cathedral and Crypt Unearthed in Hungary
    on July 11, 2019 at 11:00 pm

    PÉCS, HUNGARY—Hungary Today reports that a Roman-era cemetery and the walls of a medieval structure have been unearthed at the site of Hungary’s Cathedral of Pécs. The original cathedral was constructed by Peter Orseolo, king of Hungary, in the eleventh century A.D. Also known as Peter the Venetian, Orseolo succeeded his uncle, Stephen I, to the throne, but was deposed in 1041, and eventually restored to the throne in 1044 by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry III. […]

  • Ancient Cattle DNA Analyzed
    on July 11, 2019 at 10:46 pm

    DUBLIN, IRELAND—Gizmodo reports that an international team of scientists led by Marta Verdugo, then of Trinity College Dublin, sequenced the genomes of 67 wild aurochs and domesticated cattle, or Bos taurus, that lived in the Middle East and the Levant dating back up to 8,000 years ago. Analysis of the ancient genomes suggests aurochs DNA from different populations was periodically introduced into domestic herds over a period of several thousand years. The researchers also detected an […]

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