Top great historical and archaeological discoveries of 2015

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Underwater monolith
Archaeologists discovered a limestone monolith that is believed to be 10,000 years old at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea. Measuring 40 feet in length, researchers say the structure once stood upright, rising more than 40 feet high. The monolith is said to have been carved by Mesolithic people who lived between Tunisia and Sicily. Photo by Journal of Archaeological Science

Legendary “City of the Monkey God,”
In search for legendary “City of the Monkey God,” explorers find the untouched ruins of a vanished culture.The jungle-choked remains of a “lost city”, abandoned by a mysterious civilisation several centuries ago and long fabled for reports of its gold and “monkey children”, have been uncovered in the depths of the rainforests of Honduras. A team of American and Honduran archaeologists, aided by the bushcraft and survival skills of former British SAS soldiers, has just emerged from one of the most remote locations on Earth with news of their stunning discovery.

ACRA biblical Greek fort
Biblical archaeologists made a major discovery as they solved one of Jerusalem’s greatest mysteries — the location of the biblical Greek fort known as Acra. Built by the Greek King Antiochus IV more than 2,000 years ago and mentioned in Jewish biblical sources, the fortress has been sought for over 100 years.

Angkor Wat Buried towers, and a massive spiral sand structure
Angkor Wat in Cambodia has shared new secrets in recent discoveries – eight buried towers and the remains of a massive spiral structure created from sand. Researchers from the University of Sydney, leading the Greater Angkor Project in Cambodia, dug up the artefacts using laser airborne laser scanning (LiDAR) technology, along with ground penetrating radar. Archaeologists mapped the ancient temple grounds through targeted excavation. The team led by Professor Roland Fletcher and Dr. Damian Evans discovered a structure more than 1500 m long, running along the south side of Angkor Wat. The spiral structure is difficult to make out from the ground, and is largely a mystery to the researchers.

NASA spies 8,000-year-old mystery in Kazakhstan desert
NASA spends more time scoping out the Earth than it does the cosmos (have a look at the massive Yukon landslide it uncovered), and its latest gaze includes an 8,000-year-old mystery. The space agency has released new images of a series of mysterious earthworks on the steppes of Kazakhstan, covering a massive amount of land. The hundreds of mounds, first discovered by a Kazakhstani economist in 2007, are arranged to form distinct shapes.

Stonehenge first erected in Wales
The dating evidence suggests that Stonehenge could be older than previously thought, Parker Pearson said. “But we think it’s more likely that they were building their own monument [in Wales], that somewhere near the quarries there is the first Stonehenge and that what we’re seeing at Stonehenge is a second-hand monument.”

Liquid mercury found under Mexican pyramid
An archaeologist has discovered liquid mercury at the end of a tunnel beneath a Mexican pyramid.
Mexican researcher Sergio Gómez announced on Friday that he had discovered “large quantities” of liquid mercury in a chamber below the Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent, the third largest pyramid of Teotihuacan, the ruined city in central Mexico.



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